D.Sc. (Engineering Mechanics), May 1973, Columbia University, New York, New York
Major: Inelastic Behavior of Solids and Structures
Minor: Numerical Analysis and Computational Methods
Dissertation: “Large Elasto-Plastic Deformations of Solids”

M.Sc. (Civil Engineering), May 1970, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

B.Sc. (Civil Engineering), May 1969, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
Graduated with First Degree Honors. Graduated first in a class of 420 students.